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    Science and technology help high quality development of cotton industry in Xinjiang

    2021-04-06 | Pageviews: CHANGZHOU FOAN M AND E CORPORATION
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    On March 25, news from the National Bureau of Statistics said that in 2020, the sown area of cotton in Xinjiang will be 2501.9 thousand hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 1.52% compared with 2540.5 thousand hectares in 2019; in 2020, the cotton output in Xinjiang will be 5.162 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.20% compared with 5.002 million tons in 2019.

    Xinjiang cotton planting area decline, why the yield is still increasing? This benefits from scientific and technological support and other means to promote the high-quality development of cotton in Xinjiang.

    Xinjiang has unique natural conditions, large temperature difference in summer, sufficient sunlight, sufficient photosynthesis and long growth time of cotton. As a result, the quality of Xinjiang long staple cotton has reached the world's top level. It is warm, breathable and comfortable to make ready-made quilts, which has been in short supply for many years.

    Spring is getting warmer. A reporter from science and technology daily saw in the high standard cotton planting base of shounute village, Yaha Town, Kuqa city that several high-power navigation unmanned tractors are carrying out precision planting, and the scene is very spectacular.

    In recent years, Xinjiang has continuously improved the modernization, intelligence and information level of agricultural machinery operation, introduced high-tech technologies such as driverless tractors, and provided mechanized technical services for farmers in the whole process of land preparation, sowing, plant protection and harvesting. Many high-tech applications are boosting the high-quality development of cotton industry in Xinjiang.

    "With the deepening of the national cotton price reform, the implementation of the Rural Revitalization Strategy and the application of high-tech technologies such as driverless tractors, we are more energetic in planting cotton." This year, Kurban tohuti, a villager of shounute village, contracted another 10000 mu of land to grow cotton on the basis of 20000 mu of land contracted last year.

    Plant protection UAV, packing cotton picker, residual film recovery machine, intelligent deep plow These intelligent machines are favored by more and more cotton farmers in Xinjiang.

    The data shows that the level of Agricultural Mechanization in Xinjiang has increased year by year, and the comprehensive mechanization level of cotton has reached more than 80%.

    In recent years, the mechanized harvesting area of cotton in Xinjiang has increased at an average annual rate of over one million mu. From 2016 to 2020, the machine harvest level of cotton will increase from 20.71% to 69.83%.

    Cotton is one of the pillar industries in Xinjiang. By means of science and technology, Xinjiang continuously improves the competitiveness of the cotton industry and promotes the high-quality development of the cLast year, in order to stabilize the scale of cotton production, Xinjiang continued to optimize the number of cotton varieties, improve the quality of cotton, and layout and develop high-yield cotton areas.otton industry.

    Last year, in order to stabilize the scale of cotton production, Xinjiang continued to optimize the number of cotton varieties, improve the quality of cotton, and layout and develop high-yield cotton areas.

    In order to promote the high-quality development of cotton industry, the science and Technology Department of the autonomous region launched the "integrated demonstration project of high-quality, high-yield and efficient standardized production technology of cotton" last year. This major science and technology project invested 31 million yuan, aiming at the scientific and technological demand of high quality, high yield and high efficiency standardized production of cotton and safe supply of agricultural water resources in Xinjiang, taking the 500000 Mu high efficiency water-saving cotton field in Shaya County as the research object, taking "reducing cost, improving quality and increasing benefit" as the goal, to develop technological innovation and integrated application, and form a reproducible and promotable cotton production model in southern Xinjiang High quality, high yield and high efficiency.

    "Last year, we unified the varieties according to the" one main and two auxiliary "mode, and the price of 70% of the cotton varieties in our village was also better than that in previous years." Maihesuti amirera, director of the village committee of yingakeyirike, kalatale Town, Aksu City, said.

    The mode of "one main and two auxiliary" is to promote the cotton planting counties and cities in Xinjiang to carry out cotton planting with one main variety and two matching varieties, and encourage the development of one product in one county and one product in many counties according to local conditions, so as to effectively solve the problems of many, miscellaneous and chaotic cotton varieties and improve the quality of cotton from the source.

    According to reports, this year, Xinjiang will accelerate the "one main and two auxiliary" seed use mode in the same ecological region, solve the problem of too many cotton varieties from the source, promote the whole process of mechanization of cotton production in the autonomous region, especially in southern Xinjiang, strive to achieve mechanized recovery rate of more than 70%, and promote the green and high-quality development of cotton production in Xinjiang.

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